A New Romans Outline --Short


Creation Date: June 23 2008

Author: Michael, Whitney

File: NewRomansOutlineShort.htm

Version: 1.1



  1. Bait and Trap

    1. Basic Audience Introduction Technique (BAIT) (1:1-15)

          • Paul's credentials and quick statement of gospel (1:1-5)

    2. Tactical description of the gospel (the lure) (1:16-32)

      1. Intro to gospel, as a topic the Romans appreciate

        1. Not ashamed of the gospel (1:16)

        2. Positive benefit of gospel – righteousness (1:17)

        3. Negative effect of gospel – judgment (1:18)

      2. The “Sermon” -- Judgmental accusations against Jews (1:18-32)

    3. Terribly Repugnant Attitude Presented (TRAP) about the Roman Gentile believers

      1. Rebuke to those who became judgmental in reaction to the Sermon (2:1-8)

        1. Those with judgmental attitude as hypocrites (2:1-3)

        2. General expectancy and rationality of God's judgment (2:3)

      2. Replacing judgmental attitude with balanced thinking. (2:9-16)

        1. Evil Jews and evil Gentiles to expect the same treatment balanced by benefit for those who seek good. (2:9-10)

        2. God's impartiality. Equalizing phrases (2:11-16)

      3. Judgmental words about Jews, those in the Church who are hypocrites

        1. Discussion limited by qualifiers (2:17-18)

        2. Testing confidence in search of hypocrisy (2:19-24)

        3. Definition of a true Jew (2:25-29)

  2. Correction of boasting and judgmental attitude of Gentiles against Jews

    1. Diffusing Some Initial Tensions (3:1-8)

      1. Quickly mentions an advantage to being a Jew (3:1-2)

      2. Contrast Two Unrighteousness issues (3:3-6)

      3. Addressing an issue of slander by Jews against believers (3:7-8)

    2. Correction of Attitude by placing Jews and Gentiles on equal standing (3:9-19)

      1. First addressing Gentiles' boast against Jews (3:9)

      2. Equating Jews and Gentiles with reference to the Law (3:9-18)

      3. All world accountable to God (3:19)

    3. Remove basis for boasting in being a follower of Jesus – Can't boast over a gift

      1. Initial principles –justification by faith(3:20-26)

      2. Problem of boasting for being of the faith over and against the Jews for still being under the Law(3:27-31)

        1. No basis for boasting since faith isn't based on law (works)

        2. Law/principle of faith prohibits boasting (based on argument in Ch 4)

        3. Can't boast against Jews (who weren't of faith) cause Jews and Gentiles are under one God (3:29-30)

        4. Faith doesn't nullify the Law (3:31)

      3. Focus on Abraham as part of argument against boasting (4:1-14)

    4. Security of faith (4:14-25)

      1. Security in faith rather than law (4:15-16)

      2. God's ability as basis for faith (4:17)

      3. Abraham's endurance in faith for obtaining the promise (4:18-25) -- and then showing that we, of faith, also would be able to endure

  3. Enduring Persecution (5:1-11)

    1. Security of faith and justification by faith as basis to endure persecution (5:1-2)

    2. Benefits of persecution and strength in persecution (5:3-5)

    3. Protection in persecution since God had concern beforehand and still has it (5:6-11)

  4. Argument against following the flesh as highlighted by Rom 6:1 (5:12 to 6:23)

    1. Magnified contrast between Sin and Grace (5:12-21)

    2. Main problem --that of hyper-grace doctrine (6:1)

    3. Baptism, Resurrection, new life as reason to overcome sin (6:2-11)

    4. Not letting sin reign in your body (6:12-14)

    5. Explanation not to use freedom from law as a reason to sin (6:15). This also acts as the transition to topic of Law for chapter 7

    6. Being slaves of obedience and freed from sin (6:16-20)

    7. Lack of benefit of being under sin (6:21-23)

  5. Freedom from the power of the Law working through the flesh (Ch 7)

    1. Instruction not to be beholden to the Law to those trying to follow the Law (7:1-6)

    2. Defense of goodness of Law given without promoting subjection to Law (7:7-23)

    3. Deliverance through this schizophrenia (7:24-25)

    4. God knows this battle and justifies so there is no condemnation (8:1)

  6. Solution to Dilemma of chapter 7 – a spirit quickened of God

    1. Law of spirit of life has set you free condemnation (8:1)

    2. Enmity of the flesh -- Contrasts of spirit and flesh (8:2-8)

    3. Conditional assumption of them being in spirit and assurances from that (8:9-16)

  7. Sufferings/Persecution made bearable by Spirit (8:17-25)

    1. Looking to the glories ahead (8:17-25)

    2. Helped by the Spirit in our weaknesses (8:26-28)

    3. God's comprehensive benefits to believers (8:29-32)

    4. The failure of any act to truly hurt a believer ( Rom 8:33-39). This was the close of specific ministry regarding the current persecution and the fleshly behavior.

  8. Appeal for benevolent attitude of Gentiles toward Jews (9 to 11)

    1. Introduction to main goal – an appeal for the outreach to Israel (9:1-33)

      1. An appeal regarding the people of Israel (9:1-5)

      2. Faithfulness of God, despite appearances (9:6-29)

        1. Israel narrowed from full bloodline to subset that is of promise (9:7-21)

        2. God's patience to delay wrath till He showed mercy (9:22-29)

    2. God's plan in action and God's faithfulness (9:30 to 11:6)

      1. Discussion of righteousness as transition to discussion of Law and righteousness (9:30-33) and bring up the idea of whether the stumbling was a drawback

      2. The stumbling of Israel on issue of righteousness (10:1-11 )

      3. God's faithfulness to answer those who call upon Him (10:12-18)

      4. It still may not seem that God was reaching Israel (10:20-21, 11:1-2)

      5. God was still reaching through the remnant (11:2-6)

    3. Appeal to Romans not to boast against Israel (11:7 -25)

      1. Rest of Israel blinded as reason why Gentiles had edge in getting saved.(11:7-10)

      2. Jews stumbled so Gentiles would come so Jews get jealous and saved. (11:11-15)

      3. Olive Tree analogy--Jews as natural people of God,Gentiles grafted in.(11:16-25)

      4. Mystery of the blindness (11:25) –this was the concluding remark that they “may not be wise in [their] own conceit”

    4. Recap of Romans and prophecy about God's plan for Israel

      1. All Israel shall be saved as follows: (11:26)

        1. Deliverer sent. (11:26)

        2. Turn away ungodliness (11:26)

        3. Covenant to take away their sins (11:27)

      2. People of Israel were enemies to Gentiles but were preserved for the remnant for sake of the Fathers. (11:28-29)

      3. God's wisdom and mercy to all (11:30 -36)

  9. Additional Issues of Behavior of Roman Believers (Ch 12 to 14)

    1. Serving One Another (12:1-16)

    2. Treating Enemies well (12:17-21, 13:1-6)

    3. Love in contrast to the evils of the day (13:8- 14)

    4. Stop judging each other for self-pride (14:1-18)

    5. Make peace instead and avoid making stumbling blocks (14:19-23)

    6. Learn to edify each other in unity (15:1-7)

  10. Conclusions to all issues

    1. Unification of Jew and Gentiles recapitulated (15:8-12)

    2. Final affirmations and explanations (15:13-18)

    3. Paul's ministry across the nations (15:18-24)

    4. Justifying the gifts to Jerusalem (14:25-27)

    5. Consolations for Romans (14:28- 33)

  11. Reconciliation Assignments, precautions and encouragements (Ch 16)

    1. Make amends with those who were alienated (16:1-16)

    2. Beware of evil ones (16:17-19)

    3. Hope through the problems. Satan to be crushed soon (16:20)

    4. Greetings of Paul's helpers (16:21-24)

    5. Additional reasons to hope (16:25-26)

    6. Praise to God (16:27)


Version 1.1 – June 25,2008

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Common Law Copyright 2008 by Michael, Whitney.